Blood doping: Were Armstrong and Russia wasting their time?
Doug Pensinger/Getty On Saturday, the greatest cycling race in the world, the Tour de France, starts in Düsseldorf, ending 22 days and 3540 kilometres later on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. Between 1999 and 2005, the only winner of the Tour was US rider Lance Armstrong. However, in 2012 he received a lifetime ban for doping, for using among other things the blood-boosting agent erythropoietin (EPO). Stripped of his titles,